Bleeding always requires immediate attention.

  • Always call triple zero (000) in an emergency.
  • First aid for severe external bleeding includes direct pressure on the wound maintained by using preferably clean pads and bandages, and raising the injured area above the level of the heart if possible.
  • First aid for internal bleeding includes laying the person down, raising their legs above the level of their heart and not giving them anything to eat or drink.

Small cuts and scrapes can be treated at home. Clean the area of the wound, disinfect and apply a clean bandage.

Severe bleeding, which doesn’t stop after at least 10 minutes of continuous pressure, requires medical attention. Maintain the pressure and call an ambulance. It is critical to limit the loss of blood until emergency medical aid arrives.

Always have a well stocked first aid kit available. Keep several first aid kits around the farm, for example in the workshop, shearing shed and on the tractor.

References used for this bleeding page

More information:
Farmer Health
Medline Plus


Better Health Channel
St John Ambulance NSW

Severe bleeding [PDF 697kb]

Fast facts:


  • First aid for external bleeding is critical to limit blood loss.
  • Apply direct pressure on the wound. Use pads, bandages, or anything available like towels or a t-shirt if you are not near a first aid kit.
  • For external bleeding – raise the injured area above the level of the heart if you can.
  • For internal bleeding – Lay the injured down and raise their legs above the heart. Do not offer food or drink.
  • If severe bleeding continues after 10 minutes of continuous pressure call triple zero (000) And give a clear description of your location. Remain calm, stay focused, stay relevant.

Last updated: 25th October 2016