Trauma – reaction and recovery

trauma reaction and recovery

Traumatic events can be either physical or mental, ranging from farm accidents and car accidents through to bushfires, floods, a death of someone close to you or relationship problems.  Traumatic events can cause immediate, delayed and long-term reactions. Each person will react differently to a traumatic event, and no reaction is right or wrong.

You might feel physical reactions like nausea, headaches or lack of appetite or psychological reactions like confusion, forgetfulness, ruminating about the event or a search for answers about why the event happened. Other common reactions to trauma include guilt, depression and anger. You might also feel that getting back into everyday tasks is your way of responding to trauma. You are likely to find that people around you all react very differently. Don’t judge yourself or others for these different responses. Everyone has a different way of responding to trauma and to coping with its effects!

Sometimes reactions to trauma develop over a longer period of time and may develop into post traumatic stress disorder (PSTD). This is when a person continues to relive the traumatic event through upsetting memories, nightmares or flashbacks and feels physically and emotionally distressed when reminded of the event. Other symptoms of PTSD can include memory loss about the event, feeling socially isolated, sleep difficulties, feeling anxious and becoming angry easily.

Beware of stress overload, when your body is pushed beyond its limits. Take time out.

Trauma – reaction and recovery
It is normal to have strong emotional or physical reactions following a distressing event. The intensity of a reaction differs from person to person, but some reactions last for days, weeks or even longer. On most occasions though, these reactions subside as a part of the body’s natural healing and recovery process. There are strategies to help people cope with and recover from these experiences.

Your own coping style is likely to have an influence on how your child or teenager responds to a traumatic event.

Find out more about this topic on Better Health Channel

If you are struggling to cope after a traumatic event, make an appointment with your GP as a first port of call.

References used for this topic page

More information:

Trauma and Grief Network

Kids in rural and remote areas: Coping with tough times

What is PTSD?

Phoenix Australia – Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Phoenix Australia – Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health
Recovering from Trauma

Australian Psychological Society
Understanding and managing psychological trauma

Better Health Channel
Trauma – reaction and recovery

SANE Australia
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Clinical care:

Medical Journal of Australia
Treating adults with acute distress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder in general practice

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Australian guidelines for the treatment of adults with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder 

Research & reviews:

The Medical Journal of Australia

Drought-related stress among farmers: findings from the Australian Rural Mental Health Study

BMC Public Health

Long-term effects of lifetime trauma exposure in a rural community sample

Cochrane Collaboration
Psychological treatment of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [PDF 886kb]

Experimental Neurology

Understanding resilience: New approaches for preventing and treating PTSD

Journal of Traumatic Stress
Associations between psychological trauma and physical illness in primary care [PDF 121kb]

Fast facts:

Trauma – reaction and recovery

  • Trauma can cause strong physical and emotional reactions. This is a normal reaction to events which cause shock and extreme stress.
  • Everyone will react differently but for everyone, support is important, both immediately after the event and further down the track.
  • Don’t hesitate to seek professional help if you feel you need it immediately or if you don’t begin to return to normal after three or four weeks.
  • Avoid stress overload, you need to rest, eat well, sleep well and still find things to enjoy after a traumatic experience.
  • Sometimes traumatic experiences can affect us for a long time.

Last updated: 16th January, 2019