When the heart stops pumping, it is known as a cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of techniques designed to pump the heart, and keep blood circulating and deliver oxygen to the brain until definitive treatment can stimulate the heart to start pumping again. CPR can be life-saving first aid and will increase an individual’s chance of survival.
Survival rates differ between urban and rural cardiac arrest patients. This is largely due to a difference in ambulance response time and for this reason it is important that everyone on the farm is trained on how to perform CPR.
It is important to note that the CPR steps for children aged 8 years or younger are the same as adults and older children, but the technique is slightly different for young children and infants. If you’re applying CPR ensure you’re aware of the technique difference for children aged 1- 8 years and infants aged up to 12 months.
To find out more information about CPR visit Better Health Channel
References used for this topic page
Better Health Channel
First aid basics and DRSABCD
St John Ambulance Australia
St John Ambulance
Australian Resuscitation Council
The ARC guidelines
Research & reviews:
Medical Journal of Australia
Chest pain in rural communities; balancing decisions and distance
Last updated: 6th May, 2020