Leptospirosis is a disease caused by the Leptospira bacteria. People can catch Leptospirosis when they come in contact with the urine or birth products from infected animals. This disease is a particular risk for dairy and pig farmers.
Leptospirosis is also spread by rats and known as Weils disease. It usually enters the body through cuts or scratches in the skin. Banana farmers are at particular risk.
Leptospirosis causes a flu-like illness with symptoms including coughing, fever, chills, sore joints and general weakness. In 2013 there were 90 reported cases in Australia. To prevent leptospirosis, vaccinate cattle, control rodents and wear protective clothing.
References used for leptospirosis page
Department of Environment and Primary Industries (Vic)
Department of Health (Vic)
- Australia’s notifiable diseases status, 2010: Annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System – Results: Zoonoses
World Health Organization (WHO)
Research & reviews:
Australian Journal of General Practice
Medical Journal of Australia
Last updated: 6th February, 2019